What is the Maidens Festival of Meghalaya, northeast India?

Maidens Festival of Meghalaya

Jayanta Chakraborty, an avid explorer and an expert on North East India, went to Meghalaya and stumbled upon a truly unique festival in the Khasi Hills. Known as Shad Suk Mynsiem, celebrations at the Maidens Festival of Meghalaya held him in awe and inspired him to share it with others.

Click to Learn More

For those who do not know what northeast India is like, it comprises of eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura. The Himalayas and its waters define the region’s terrain, climate, rich biodiversity, and the peculiar indigenous lifestyles her people follow. That NE India is bound by Bhutan, Nepal, and Tibet to the north, Bangladesh to the south and west, and Myanmar to the east hints at the eclectic mix of cultural, ethnic, and linguistic diversity. This is where elements of Asia come together to do what they do best – cast a spell.

Meghalaya – The Abode of Clouds

Home to the wettest places in the world, the state is organized into three areas viz. Garo Hills, Jaintia Hills, and Khasi Hills. Towns like Cherrapunji (also known as Sohra) and Mawsynram are known to record highest rainfall on earth. It sports few of the wildest national parks, some breathtaking waterfalls, rivers, and lakes, and the famous living-root bridges.

Meghalaya’s matrilineal society, wherein the youngest daughter inherits the family wealth, lends it a unique characteristic. Besides, it is one of the few states of the country where lottery is legal. So, when visiting, do not forget to buy yourself a teer-lottery ticket – it is based on a system that declares winners on the outcome of an archery event held in its capital, Shillong. All of this merely scratches the surface.

The Lazy Backpacker

Once upon a time … since most stories I read start with the phrase “once upon a time, there was a king …” , let me begin on a familiar note. But, please wait for the story of the king – it follows after my experience of this amazing festival. So, here we go..

Once upon a time, I was enjoying a pleasant home-stay experience in Meghalaya’s oldest village called Nongrim in its popular tourist district of Sohra. I lazed the last 48 hours in the natural beauty of the surroundings, indulging in relentless chatter. Somehow, I enjoy learning about the place (that I am visiting) from the locals. I love it when they narrate stories for me to take back home.

In the midst of one such session on a morning, my host and village-head, Shri Softender Shyrwang, nudged me out of my slumber and told me about a festival event just half-a-mile away. Since it wasn’t too far, I mustered the courage to go, give it a try.

Shad Suk Mynsiem – A Seng Khasi Tradition

While Christianity remains the dominant religion of Meghalaya, few communities preserve their indigenous culture. One such is the Seng Khasi community that continues to fiercely protect its traditional practices and proudly showcase their lifestyle through various events and festivals.

Given that India’s North East itself is somewhat unexplored, not a lot of people know about its subcultures. Hence this short article – to share the excitement of my discovery, and to encourage people to learn about one more colorful, yet a relatively low-profile festival of the region.

Shad Suk Mynsiem or Meghalaya’s Maidens’ Festival

A Dance of Happy Hearts

Dance of Peaceful Hearts, Dance of Happy Hearts, or The Thanksgiving Dance, as the festival’s Khasi name is varyingly translated, celebrates the rejuvenation of nature and marks the harvest season. The festival represents women as seed bearers and men as cultivators and is an expression of people’s gratitude to God.

Though Shillong, the state capital, remains the epicenter of the celebrations, the festival troupe travels and performs through the Khasi towns and villages. At the time, it was in Sohra. The way this annual and almost month-long festival is organized, it invariably ends on a Sunday.

A Dance of Grace

Men and women, dressed to the occasion, donned colorful ethnic attires with traditional crowns. Elaborate designs in gold and silver, a symbol of prosperity, topped their accessories. In addition, the men carried arms (ornate swords or arrows) symbolizing their willingness to defend their families. The dance formation, with women flanked by men, denoted the matrilineal nature of Meghalaya’s society wherein women play a central role and men act to protect them.

The inquisitive chatter in me found out that, keeping with the tradition, only maidens are allowed to participate in the festival, while such restrictions do not apply to men. Through the performance, maidens hold a white handkerchief that indicates their status.

On that day, I was spellbound by the bright reds, vivid yellow, and sparkling whites moving in the chill of an early spring. The interesting thing to note of this dance form is that the women do not lift their toes off the ground, symbolizing their connectedness with their cultural and familial roots. The men, with their fur whisks, circled the girls and moved in complete synchronicity. The troupe’s graceful moves to the enchanting folk music played on a khol (a type of flute), pipes, and a set of drums melted my heart. It felt, as if, the community’s bond of love was on display here.

Bonus: The Khasi King’s Story

The event had fired my inquisitiveness about the Khasis. So I did what I do best – talk. The thing about interacting with locals is that you get to hear and learn more than what you came visiting for. So I figured there used to be a King and his Queen in Sohra. Though both died few years ago, their last rites are yet to be performed and their ashes are preserved in the heart of the community, safe in this oldest village of Nongrim.

It turns out that there is now an acting king, until heir to the throne, 20 years old, is sworn in – something that can only happen when he turns 40. It is then that the last rites of the erstwhile royal couple would be conducted by the new King. Guess what? I figured all this from a fellow spectator, who turned out to be a minister of this Kingdom – Mr. G.T. Kynta – Lucky me!

When to Witness Shad Suk Mynsiem?

Spring. Commencing from the second week of March, it goes on till second week of April. The condition for each participating villages is simple – they must organize the festival in a way that it ends on a Sunday. So, in case you are planning a trip to Meghalaya in March / April, consider a weekend to enjoy this fascinating event for a slice of indigenous culture – that blooms in the hearts of proud Khasi men and women. For details of upcoming Seng Khasi events, you may follow their Facebook page.

Spring season brings festivities and makes for an wonderful time for you to experience the vibrant communities and their celebrations. Heading out to North East India? Here’s another gem to consider: Manas Spring Festival. Enjoy the Bodo community’s ethnic delicacies and their excellent hospitality – all surrounded by the wilderness of Manas National Park!

Think North East India

The region’s innate charms have remained under-explored. Travelers, who figure out how to backpack in North East India, find gems such as Dzükou Valley all to themselves. Importantly, the hospitable people of the region make sure that visitors take back the choicest of memories.

Meanwhile, pick up a copy of Backpacking North East India: A Curious Journey. It covers over two dozen places and attempts to answer the question – what is it like to travel in the region? Give it a read and make your own choices. Buy now!

Amazon India, Amazon US, Kindle, Apple iTunes, Flipkart, Google Playstore, Infibeam, Kobo, NotionPress

 Pin this for later! 

Have you been to or live in North East India? Share your experiences and stand to win a free paperback! Click to Learn More.

  • Author Details
  • Latest Posts
Author Details

Jayanta Chakaraborty

Jayanta counts his midnight coffees as some of the “biggest mistakes” of life. He blames them coffee mugs for turning him into a lazy backpacker by the day, a poor poet, and a life skills counselor. He was born and brought up in Assam and, to his utter surprise, as a traveler, continues to live close to his roots. His mantra is to help fellow travelers explore the ‘paradise unexplored’ i.e. North East India. For his perspectives on the region, follow him on Instagram.

Disclaimers: (1) Maps, wherever used on this site, serve a representational purpose only. Unakriti does not endorse or accept the boundaries shown, names, or designations used by map providers. (2) This story / article is based on personal opinions of the author. Unakriti is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity and it does not assume any responsibility or liability arising out of use of any information provided herein.

55 thoughts on “Maidens Festival of Meghalaya”

  1. jayanta chakaraborty

    that MR. batista, (Bhaiya) keep encouraging us. and keep the good work. regards, Jayanta.

    1. jayanta chakaraborty

      well, most of us never go through this deep while travelling, and most of the places you met the khasi community who later turned into Christianity, so some how the seng khasi community is undercovered.

  2. What a wonderful read! I have never heard of before Meghalaya, so it was my first time in hearing this area. The festival looks fun and colorful with those vibrant costumes. I wonder if this festival has any roots or influenced by their northern neighbors like China or Tibet due to style and color of those outfits.

    Is it hard to get to Meghalaya?

    1. jayanta chakaraborty

      Its not at all hard to get into Meghalaya, the people of northeast are famous for warmth and hospitality, well once u land into Guwahati the capital of Assam, just 2hrs drive by a smooth road with eye soothing landscape will lead u to Shillong the ROCK CAPITAL of India and capital of Meghalaya. from Shillong one can make his or her next move according to itinerary.
      if you need help, just a ping away.. cherrz

  3. Deja Cronley- Blogging Enthusiast

    Thanks- definitely going to check out the resources and look into it more.

    1. jayanta chakaraborty

      happy travelling, mate.. with any help u need feel free to ask… thank you.

    1. jayanta chakaraborty

      one should visit it in his or her lifetime.. India is a lesson for life.. see u soon.. cheers

  4. Wow, thanks for sharing this great experience. I’m also from India and love to visit Meghalaya. It’s a great place.

  5. I so wanted to be a part of ths festival but I got busy with other work and ultimately had to keep it for the next year. Hoping to make it happen in 2019

  6. delhifundos2014

    I just stumbled upon this blog today and not regretting spending even a minute of my reading time.

    1. jayanta chakaraborty

      thank you for liking our article, this helps us to do better job in future, keep travelling.

  7. Wonderful to read how they protect the traditional practices and proudly showcase their lifestyle through events and festivals! Looks like a blast!

  8. Through your pictures, I feel as though I’ve also been on this adventure. Thank you for sharing.

  9. TheMommyAvenger

    What a cool experience! I love the roped bridge, very Indiana Jones. Thanks for sharing this!

    1. jayanta chakaraborty

      well, northeast india as u mentioned is less explored, is not only by you, in reality it is not yet much explored.
      hope you make it soon..
      happy travelling.

  10. I had so much fun reading this! You learn something new everyday and the pictures are so colorful they make reading this give a feeling of happiness.

    1. jayanta chakaraborty

      thank you for the kind words, this is matter of happiness when our readers, revert back with the same vibes. best wishes for you

  11. This is an interesting read and something to learn from. The photos are also really colorful they made me smile.

  12. This was an interesting read. India is one country I plan on visiting soon. Thank you for sharing this with us.

  13. “Though we travel the world over to find the beautiful, we must carry it with us, or we find it not.”
    – Ralph Waldo
    This defines you JJ. And your pictures have always been a treat to the eyes. Always feel tempted to explore northeast. No second thoughts after this read. ☺

  14. Sulie Loves You

    Wow, the living-root bridges are incredible! Thank you for sharing these amazing photos.

Comments are closed.